Covid-19对食品和饮料行业肉的影响

Covid-19对食品和饮料行业肉的影响

  • 食品与饮料
  • May 14, 2020

肉类产业是食品工业的最大部分。从长远以来,对高价值的动物蛋白的需求不断增长,对牲畜行业带来了越来越大的压力。已经观察到,由于某些驱动因素,如人口增加,收入增加和城市化增加,这一部门正在增长不受预测的增长率。根据谁,肉类产量每年预计将在1997 - 1999年的21800万吨增加到3.76亿吨。

But last year during starting year of 2020, pandemic crises started that has raise the question on the meat industry and the practices. The crises is not new to this industry because there were number of problems the industry has faced where its demand has fallen down and they were “Mad Cow” in 2005, SARS in the year 2003, and another in 2005 which was ”Bird Flu”. All these endemic and pandemic in last few decades have impacted the meat industry badly.

Recently the COVID-19 has entered into the market and it has disrupted the meat market and pulled it in decreasing manner. This has majorly changed the consumer behavior, impacted the supply chain and also made international trade complicated. The major reason for such changes is lockdown in all countries across the world.

在中国,冠状病毒在农历新年期间对肉类市场造成了严重影响,这是肉(红肉)消费的高峰季节。由于政府锁定港口和肉类加工设施的锁定,它不仅扰乱了当地肉类的生产,而且由于缺乏进口,也影响了国家的收入生成。

在2020年,在美国爆发病毒中发生了肉类加工和肉类包装的各种工厂。它影响了大量的植物,并导致了工厂数量的关闭,最终对食品供应的重大威胁构成。

According to U.S. Department of Agriculture, the global chicken meat trade has fallen by 4.0% to 11.7 million tons on the downward revisions for all major exporters except Brazil. Due to this, the global chicken meat trade will get shrink by 1.0% from the last year.

由于锁定,供应链不平衡已经上升,最终已经影响了全球消费模式。下表显示了肉类区域或国家的消费模式:

表1:肉类消耗,1,000公吨(2018-2020)

Country /Region 20.18. 20.19. 20.20.(Jan) 20.20.(April
European Union 11.,537 11,636 11.,700 11,180
Brazil 9,671 9,865 11,175 9,903
India 4,059 4,347 4,900 3,998
阿根廷 1,955 2,021 2,066 2,035
泰国 2,354 2,459 2,500 2,000

Source : USDA

从上表中,Covid-19不仅影响了国家的肉类,而且清晰可见,而且清晰地看到了消费模式。

Similarly, In India the buffalo meat exports have got massive hit by the coronavirus outbreak falling approximately 50.0% to around 50,000 tons in the last one month of the 2020. According to the data from Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), buffalo meat exports got decrease by 10.04 lakh tons in the April-January period of 2019-20 as compared to in 2018-19 where it was 12.3 lakh tons.

在目前的情况下,不可能预测将来在全球肉类市场上发生什么,因为它完全取决于Covid-19的控制。如果各国能够尽快控制Covid-19的爆发,那么市场将肯定会恢复其在市场的地位。

As of now, depending on the situation industries should be more focused on the health of the worker and the consumers. The industries, if they are open for the meat processing right now should take all safety measures in their factories or plant and at the same time, they should put pressure on the authorities to allow the supply chain moving with guidelines so that the supermarket/ hypermarket shelves get the meat on time.

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